GIST Seminar

The 66th GIST Seminar "Industrialization Strategies of East Asia: Political Leadership, Technocrats and Policy Process"

The 66th GIST Seminar
Speaker Dr. Wong Chan-Yuan (Senior Lecturer, Department of Science and Technology Studies, University of Malaya)
Time July 23, 2015 5pm-7pm
Venue Lecture Room F, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies(ACCESS)
Sponsor GRIPS Innovation, Science and Technology Policy Program (GIST)
Language English
Fee Free (Pre-registration required)
Document Presentation Slides (610K)

Presentation Overivew

The experiences of catch-up in the several economies of Asia-- leapfrogging in Korea, path-creating in Taiwan, and multi-mode with policy experimentation in Malaysia and China -- have generated and are generating a growing body of theoretical models to enrich the earlier theories developed for advanced countries. They show not only the diversity of catch-up strategies that can lead to a successful outcome but also show the evolution of strategies within a single economy as technological capabilities develop. There is, however, one constant running through these different strategies. That is the central role of the government, not only in setting strategic priorities but also in ensuring the necessary policy and institutional support is in place. The strategic models may provide policy lessons for other developing economies in Asia aspiring to follow the path of technology upgrading.
This seminar will provide an overview of catch-up industrialization strategies in East Asia over the past few decades, articulating a theoretical-conceptual change from Akamatsu's Flying Geese Model to a leapfrogging and path creating catching-up model. Within this intellectual context, we will discuss the economic, political and institutional conditions for effective implementation of catch-up strategies (management of state-created learning rents) in South Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia. We then propose a new analytical grid that summarizes the current research on China's catch-up industrialization, explicitly acknowledging China's arguably unique multi-pronged mixed-mode model.

Simplified personal history

Chan-Yuan is presently a senior lecturer at the department of Science and Technology Studies, University of Malaya. He received his Ph.D. in Applied Statistics from the University of Malaya. He is also researcher for Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) and Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology (MIGHT) in several research projects, and IDRC-sponsored projects on Innovation Policies and Inclusive Development of Asia. Chan-Yuan graduated from Deakin University with a Bachelor s degree in Engineering and received his Master s degree in Systems Engineering and Management from Malaysia University of Science and Technology (a collaborative program with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology). He was a visiting scholar at the UNU-MERIT of the Netherlands, the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at Chulalongkorn University of Thailand and the Institute of Technology Management of National Tsing Hua University of Taiwan. He has published in several international journals on industrial and innovation policies and growth models for production of science and technology, including Scientometrics, Journal of Informetrics, Tech. Forecasting and Soc. Change, Review of Policy Research, Science and Public Policy, Energy Policy, Technology in Society, Tech. and Economic Dev of Economy, IT for Development, etc.


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