第78回 GISTセミナー "Overcoming Barriers to Technological Innovation in Established Economic Sectors"

第78回 GISTセミナー
講演者 チャールズ・ワイス氏
ジョージタウン大学外交学部科学技術国際関係プログラム 名誉教授(Retired)、AAAS科学外交センター客員研究員、『Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors』共著者
日時 2016年7月27日(水) 17:45~19:30 (17時25分受付開始)
場所 政策研究大学院大学 1階 研究会室1A・B
主催 政策研究大学院大学科学技術イノベーション政策プログラム(GIST)
言語 英語
参加費 無料(事前登録制)
資料 発表資料



このようなレガシー・セクターにおける既得権者は、破壊的なイノベーション(disruptive innovation)に対して、市場の不完全性や、経済的・政治的・社会的・法的・文化的なパラダイムを活用して抵抗する。これらのパラダイムは、より広範な社会的目標とは一致しないようなインセンティブを生産者に生じさせる。それぞれのレガシー・セクターにおけるイノベーションに対する障壁について専門家は熟知しているものの、それら共通の特徴については、イノベーション政策全般に関わる学徒や実務者等から十分に注目されていない。




Dr. Charles Weiss was Distinguished Professor of Science, Technology and International Affairs (STIA) at the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University from 1997 until his retirement in 2014. He served as the Director of STIA from 1997 to 2006. He is now a Visiting Scholar with the Center for Science Diplomacy of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Dr. Weiss was the first Science and Technology Advisor to the World Bank, serving in this capacity from 1971-1985. He promoted and oversaw a substantial expansion of the Bank’s support to the scientific and technological dimension of economic development. Before coming to Georgetown, he taught courses at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University, the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, the University of Pennsylvania and the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. Department of State.

Dr. Weiss has just published Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors (Oxford University Press, 2015), with co-author William Bonvillian. The two previously co-authored Structuring an Energy Technology Revolution (MIT Press, 2009). Weiss has published papers and lectured on a broad range of topics, including innovation policy, scientific uncertainty, environmental policy, privacy, bioprospecting, the Productivity Program of the Marshall Plan, and science and technology in developing and emerging economies. He has lectured at numerous universities, including Harvard, the University of California (Berkeley), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Duke University, the University of Maryland, Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi), Makerere University (Uganda), the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan, and Tohoku University.

Dr. Weiss has an AB in chemistry and physics, summa cum laude, and a PhD in chemical physics and biochemistry, both from Harvard University. He is a Fellow of the AAAS and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. At AAAS, he is working on his next book, an overview of science, technology and international affairs.




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